TOPIROL 100MG contains Topiramate which belongs to a group of medicines called anti-epileptic medicines. It is used to treat seizures in both adults as well as in children. It can also be used to prevent migraine headaches in adults. A seizure is a sudden, uncontrollable electrical changes or disturbance in your brain.
It may cause changes in behavior, movements or feelings and in levels of consciousness. Topiramate prevents the occurrence of seizures and prevents migraine symptoms by reducing neural pathway excitability.
You might shed your weight if you use topiramate continuously. If you are losing too much weight, you should consult your doctor. You can take topiramate with or without food. Drink plenty of fluids during the day to prevent kidney stones while taking topiramate tablets.
You should avoid drinking alcohol when taking topiramate tablet. This medicine can harm an unborn baby. So, it is not recommended for use in pregnant women. Mothers who breastfeed while taking TOPIROL 100MG, must tell the doctor as soon as possible if the baby experiences anything unusual.
Topirol 100 Tablet is a medicine used to treat epilepsy (seizures) and to prevent migraines. It is also used in the treatment of Lennox-Gastaut syndrome (a rare, but severe form of epilepsy that starts in early childhood).
Topirol 100 Tablet may be taken with or without food, preferably at the same time, each day. If you have missed a dose, take it as soon as you remember it and finish the full course of treatment even if you feel better.
Stopping the medication suddenly without talking to your doctor may cause an increased frequency of seizures. Your doctor may advise regular monitoring of serum bicarbonate levels while you are taking this medicine.
Some of the common side effects of this medicine include nausea, taste change, fatigue, diarrhea, weight loss, loss of appetite, and memory impairment. It may also cause vision problems like myopia or glaucoma, so it is important to get your eyesight checked before you start the treatment and regularly thereafter.
You may experience dizziness and sleepiness, so do not drive or do anything that requires mental focus until you know how this medicine affects you. Please consult your doctor if these side effects bother you or do not go away.
USES OF TOPIROL 100MG:
Treat seizures in adults and children
Prevent migraine headaches in adults
HOW TOPIROL 100MG WORKS:
Topiramate stimulates GABA-A receptor activity at brain, a non-benzodiazepine receptor sites and reduces glutamate activity at both AMPA and kinate receptors. By increasing GABA activity and inhibiting glutamate activity, topiramate blocks neuronal excitability, preventing seizures and migraine.
BENEFITS OF TOPIROL TABLET
In Prevention of Migraine
In Lennox–Gastaut syndrome
DIRECTIONS FOR USE:
Always take this medicine as directed by your physician. It can be taken before, during, or after a meal. Swallow the medicine as a whole with a glass of water. Do not crush or chew the medicine.
Your doctor will decide the dose and duration of the therapy depending upon your age, weight and condition. To prevent kidney stones, drink plenty of fluids during the day.
SIDE EFFECTS OF TOPIROL 100MG:
Depression (new or worse)
Anxiety, irritability, changes in mood, confusion, disorientation
Problems with concentration, thinking and memory
Kidney stone, frequent or painful urination
Increased acid level in the blood (shortness of breath, loss of appetite, nausea, vomiting, excessive tiredness, and fast or uneven heart beats)
Having thoughts of serious self-harm
Glaucoma or inflammation in the eye
Nausea or vomiting
Diarrhea, constipation, bloating, abdominal pain
Allergic reaction such as skin redness, rash, itching, facial swelling, hives
Difficulty in sleeping
Slurred speech, blurred vision, vertigo, ringing in the ears
Lack of coordination when walking
Impaired sense of taste and touch
Joint pain, muscle pain, chest pain
Psychosis (severe mental disorder)
Slow or irregular heartbeat, low blood pressure,
Pancreatitis (inflammation of the pancreas)
Loss of consciousness
Abnormal skin odour
HOW TO MANAGE SIDE EFFECTS:
Nausea or vomiting:
Try taking this medicine with, or just after, a meal. Stick to simple meals. Do not eat rich or spicy food.
Eat fibre rich foods like fresh fruit, vegetables and cereals. Drink plenty of water. Exercise more regularly.
Drink lots of fluids, such as water or squash, to avoid dehydration. Do not take any other medicines without speaking to a doctor.
Talk to your doctor, if you are taking,
- Birth control pills
- Other medicines used to treat epilepsy (e.g. carbamazepine or phenytoin)
- Medicines used to treat depression (e.g. risperidone, lithium, amitriptyline, venlafaxine, St John?s Wort)
- Warfarin (used to thin the blood)
- Medicines used to treat angina and high blood pressure (e.g. hydrochlorothiazide, propranolol or diltiazem)
- Medicines used to treat diabetes (e.g. metformin, pioglitazone, glibenclamide)
- Flunarazine (used to treat migraine)
- Digoxin (used for heart problems)
- Haloperidol (used for mental health problems)
- Proguanil (used to treat malaria)
- Omeprazole (used to treat stomach acid)
Drug : Topiramate
Pharmacological Category : Anticonvulsant
Therapeutic Indication : Epilepsy, Prophylaxis of migraine headache
Dosage Forms : Tablet
Store below 20-25°C and keep out of reach of children.
Q; Can TOPIROL 100MG cause weight loss?
A: Yes. You might shed your weight if you use topiramate continuously. If you are losing too much weight, you should consult your doctor.
Q: Is TOPIROL 100MG habit-forming?
A: No. This medicine is not habit-forming.