EPTOIN 100mg Tablet


EPTOIN 100mg Tablet 120’s

Eptoin 100


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EPTOIN 100MG contains phenytoin, an antiepileptic drug which can be used in the treatment of epilepsy. It can be used to control a variety of epileptic conditions (tonic-clonic seizures and partial seizures), to control or prevent seizures during or after brain surgery or severe head injury. Phenytoin can be used to treat the trigeminal neuralgia (facial nerve pain).

Epilepsy is a common chronic disorder that can happen when the electrical signals and chemicals are not working properly in brain cells.

During a seizure, brain cells are forced to work much more rapidly than normal. EPTOIN 100MG helps prevent brain cells from working so fast and thus the cells are prevented from all firing together thus stopping seizures when they are just beginning.

Always take EPTOIN 100MG exactly as prescribed by your doctor. This medicine is dangerous if taken more than prescribed. If you accidentally take too much, contact your doctor at once or go to the nearest hospital.

Do not drive or operate any machinery while taking this medicine, it may make you feel dizzy and confusion and problems with your vision. Consumption of alcohol is not recommended during treatment with this medicine.

Before taking this medicine tell your doctor if you have ever had kidney disease, heart disease, or pancreas problems. Pregnant and breastfeeding women should consult their doctor before taking this medicine.

eptoin 100 Tablet is a prescription medicine used to treat and prevent epilepsy (seizures). It controls seizures by decreasing the abnormal and excessive activity of the nerve cells in the brain.

eptoin 100 Tablet can be used alone or in combination with other medicines. It may be taken with or without food. Your doctor will decide the correct dose for you.

This may increase gradually until your condition is stable. This medicine may take several weeks to work but it is important to take it regularly to get the benefit. Do not stop taking it, even if you feel fine, unless your doctor advises you to. You may have more seizures, or your bipolar disorder may get worse.

The most common side effects of this medicine include skin rashes, headache, feeling or being sick, difficulty sleeping, dizziness, and feeling sleepy or drowsy. Most side effects wear off, but if they bother you or do not go away, tell your doctor. There may be ways of preventing or reducing these effects.

Before taking this medicine, tell your doctor if you have kidney or liver problems, meningitis or depression, or suicidal thoughts. Also let your healthcare team know about all other medications you are using as some may affect, or be affected by, this medicine, including contraceptive pills.

If you are pregnant or breastfeeding, the dose may be adjusted. You should avoid driving or riding a bicycle if this medicine makes you drowsy or dizzy. You may need frequent blood tests to check how you are responding to this medicine.


Treat and prevent epilepsy


EPTOIN 100MG helps prevent brain cells from working so fast and thus the cells are prevented from all firing together thus stopping seizures when they are just beginning.


Always take EPTOIN 100MG exactly as prescribed by your doctor. Swallow the medicine whole with plenty of water.



• Sudden wheezing, difficult breathing, swelling of the eyelids, face or lips, rash or itching
• Bruising, fever and you are looking pale or you have a severe sore throat. These may be first signs of an abnormality of the blood, include decreases in the number of red cells, white cells or platelets
• Rash, swollen glands, increase in type of white blood cell (eosinophilia), and inflammation of internal organs (liver, lungs, heart, kidneys and large intestine)


• Life-threatening skin rashes that cause blistering, (this can also affect the mouth and tongue). These may be signs of the condition known as Stevens-Johnson syndrome, or toxic epidermal necrolysis (TEN)
• Confusion or have severe mental illness, this may be a sign that you have high amounts of phenytoin in your blood


Skin rash:

Avoid bath in hot water because hot water can irritate the skin. Moisturizers can be used regular basis to soothe and hydrate the affected area.


Talk to your doctor if you are taking:

  • Medicines used for tuberculosis and other infections (e.g. chloramphenicol, isoniazid, rifampicin, sulfonamides, sulfadiazine, sulfamethizole, sulfamethoxazole-trimethoprim, sulfaphenazole, sulfisoxazole, doxycycline and ciprofloxacin)
  • Medicines used for stomach ulcers (e.g. omeprazole, sucralfate, the medicines known as H2 antagonists including cimetidine, ranitidine, famotidine and some antacids)
  • Medicines used for the asthma and bronchitis (e.g. theophylline)
  • Medicines used for pain and inflammation (e.g. phenylbutazone, salicylates including, aspirin and steroids)
  • Medicines used for depression and psychiatric disorders
  • Medicines used for diabetes (e.g. tolbutamide)
  • Some of the hormone replacement therapy (oestrogens), oral contraceptives (the birth control pill)
  • Medicines used for the organ and tissue transplants, to prevent rejection (e.g. ciclosporin, tacrolimus)
  • Medicines used for cancer (antineoplastic agents, e.g. teniposide and fluorouracil, capecitabine, bleomycin,
  • carboplatin, cisplatin, doxorubicin, methotrexate)


Drug : Phenytoin sodium
Pharmacological Category : Antiepileptic
Therapeutic Indication : Epilepsy
Dosage Forms : Tablet, Capsule, Injection, Suspension, Syrup


Store below 20-25°C and keep out of reach of children.


Q: Can EPTOIN 100MG be used in pregnant women?
A: No. It is not recommended for use in the pregnant women. Consult your doctor before taking.

Q: Is EPTOIN 100MG a barbiturate?
A: It is an antiepileptic drug which is related to barbiturates in chemical structure but has a five-membered ring.




It is unsafe to consume alcohol with Eptoin Tablet.


eptoin 100 Tablet is unsafe to use during pregnancy as there is definite evidence of risk to the developing baby. However, the doctor may rarely prescribe it in some life-threatening situations if the benefits are more than the potential risks. Please consult your doctor.

Breast feeding

eptoin 100 Tablet is safe to use during breastfeeding. Human studies suggest that the drug does not pass into the breastmilk in a significant amount and is not harmful to the baby.
Please consult your doctor.


eptoin 100 Tablet may decrease alertness, affect your vision or make you feel sleepy and dizzy. Do not drive if these symptoms occur.


eptoin 100 Tablet should be used with caution in patients with kidney disease. Dose adjustment of Eptoin Tablet may be needed. Please consult your doctor.


Eptoin Tablet should be used with caution in patients with liver disease. Dose adjustment of Eptoin Tablet may be needed. Please consult your doctor.


Q. For how long does Eptoin Tablet stay in your system?

On an average, Eptoin Tablet may stay in your system for 5-6 days. This duration varies from person to person. In some cases, it may stay for about 9-10 days.

Q. What happens if I stop taking Eptoin Tablet?

Suddenly stopping Eptoin Tablet may cause non-stop seizures (called status epilepticus), which can endanger life. Do not stop taking the medicine without consulting your doctor. If required, your doctor will slowly reduce the dose before stopping it completely.

Q. What are the symptoms that occur if I take more than the recommended dose of Eptoin Tablet? Can I die from Eptoin Tablet overdose?

Overdose of Eptoin Tablet may cause jerky movements of the eyes (nystagmus), unclear speech, loss of balance, tremor, muscle stiffness or weakness, nausea, vomiting, lightheadedness, fainting, blurred vision, slow and shallow breathing and even coma.
Eptoin Tablet overdose can cause very low blood pressure and respiratory problems. As a result of this, the patient can even die.

Q. Who should avoid taking Eptoin Tablet?

You should not take Eptoin Tablet if you have liver disease, especially if you have a history of developing a liver problem due to Eptoin Tablet. Also, patients taking Delavirdine (a medicine used in the treatment of HIV infection) should not take Eptoin Tablet.
Eptoin Tablet may reduce the effectiveness of Delavirdine on HIV and the virus may also become resistant to Delavirdine. It is advised that you inform your doctor if you have any existing heart disorder before you receive Eptoin Tablet.

Q. Can I take Eptoin Tablet with ibuprofen?

Eptoin Tablet can be taken with ibuprofen. No drug-drug interactions have been reported between the two. However, interactions can occur. Please consult your doctor before taking the two medicines together.

Q. What are the effects of Eptoin Tablet on children?

The most common side effects related to Eptoin Tablet in children are jerky movements of the eyes (nystagmus) and overgrowth of the gums. In some children, Eptoin Tablet causes problems with thinking or behavior, mood change, slow or clumsy movements, or a loss of energy.
Other side effects from high doses include unsteadiness in the feet and hands, sleepiness, and vomiting. These may be avoidable if the dose is increased slowly. These side effects quickly disappear when the dose is reduced.

Q. Does Eptoin Tablet cause weight gain?

Eptoin Tablet has not been reported to cause weight gain. However, weight loss can occur with longer term use of a higher dose of Eptoin Tablet. Please consult your doctor if you experience weight gain after taking Eptoin Tablet.

Q. Does Eptoin Tablet make you sleepy?

Eptoin Tablet can make you feel sleepy (sedation, somnolence, and drowsiness). Please consult your doctor if you feel very sleepy after taking Eptoin Tablet, especially during the first few weeks of treatment or following a dose increase.
Talk to your doctor as you may be advised not to drive or use machines until it is established that your ability to perform such activities is not affected.

Q. Does Eptoin Tablet affect birth control?

Eptoin Tablet does affect birth control. Eptoin Tablet can decrease the effect of oral contraceptives (birth control pills) which can make the contraceptive (birth control) effect unreliable. Please talk to your doctor if you are asked to take the two medicines together as you may need to use extra protection for birth control.


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