Abalam Abacavir & Lamivudine Tablet

Abalam

Abalam Tablet is a combination of two antiretrovirals. It is prescribed to treat HIV (human immunodeficiency virus) infection. It boosts up the immunity to fight against HIV to manage or treat AIDS (acquired immunodeficiency syndrome).

Abalam Tablet is not a cure for HIV or AIDS and only helps to decrease the amount of HIV in your body. This helps to lower your risk of getting HIV-related complications and improves your lifespan.
It is prescribed in combination with other HIV medicines.

Your doctor will recommend the best medicines for you and will decide the doses that you need. Follow carefully the instructions for all the medicines that you are given.

It can be taken with or without food. Taking all these medicines regularly at the right times greatly increases their effectiveness and reduces the chances of HIV becoming resistant to them.
It is important not to miss doses and to keep taking them until your doctor tells you it is safe to stop.

Common side effects

Common side effects of this medicine include headache, nausea, vomiting, stomach pain, fatigue, diarrhea, and rash. These are usually not serious but tell your doctor if they bother you or do not go away.

Rarely, some people may experience a skin reaction or liver damage. Your doctor will closely monitor you for these in the initial period of treatment.

Before taking it, tell your doctor if you have any skin problems or liver or kidney disease. While using it, you may need regular blood tests to check your blood counts and liver function.

Avoid drinking alcohol as it may increase your risk of liver damage. Pregnant or breastfeeding mothers should consult their doctor before using this medicine.

Do not have unprotected sex or share personal items like razors or toothbrushes, if you are HIV positive. Talk to your doctor about safe ways like condoms to prevent HIV transmission during sex. click here: abalam

INTRODUCTION OF LAMIVUDINE

Abalam Tablet is a combination of two antiretrovirals. It is prescribed to treat HIV (human immunodeficiency virus) infection.

It boosts up the immunity to fight against HIV to manage or treat AIDS (acquired immunodeficiency syndrome).

Abalam Tablet is not a cure for HIV or AIDS and only helps to decrease the amount of HIV in your body. This helps to lower your risk of getting HIV-related complications and improves your lifespan.
It is prescribed in combination with other HIV medicines.

Your doctor will recommend the best medicines for you and will decide the doses that you need. Follow carefully the instructions for all the medicines that you are given.

It can be taken with or without food. Taking all these medicines regularly at the right times greatly increases their effectiveness and reduces the chances of HIV becoming resistant to them. It is important not to miss doses and to keep taking them until your doctor tells you it is safe to stop.

Common side effects

Common side effects of this medicine include headache, nausea, vomiting, stomach pain, fatigue, diarrhea, and rash.
These are usually not serious but tell your doctor if they bother you or do not go away. Rarely, some people may experience a skin reaction or liver damage.
Your doctor will closely monitor you for these in the initial period of treatment.

Before taking it, tell your doctor if you have any skin problems or liver or kidney disease. While using it, you may need regular blood tests to check your blood counts and liver function.
Avoid drinking alcohol as it may increase your risk of liver damage.

Pregnant or breastfeeding mothers should consult their doctor before using this medicine. Do not have unprotected sex or share personal items like razors or toothbrushes, if you are HIV positive. Talk to your doctor about safe ways like condoms to prevent HIV transmission during sex.

USES OF LAMIVUDINE

  • Chronic hepatitis B virus (HBV) infection

SIDE EFFECTS OF ABACAVIR

Most side effects do not require any medical attention and disappear as your body adjusts to the medicine. Consult your doctor if they persist or if you’re worried about them

Common side effects of Abalam

  • Fatigue
  • Headache
  • Nausea
  • Vomiting
  • Otitis media (infection of ear)
  • Nasal infection
  • Throat infection
  • Skin rash
  • Fever
  • Chills
  • Abnormal dreams
  • Dizziness

SIDE EFFECTS OF LAMIVUDINE

Most side effects do not require any medical attention and disappear as your body adjusts to the medicine. Consult your doctor if they persist or if you’re worried about them

Common side effects of Abalam

  • Headache
  • Fever
  • Cough
  • Fatigue
  • Joint pain
  • Insomnia (difficulty in sleeping)
  • Gastrointestinal disturbance
  • Rash
  • Hair loss
  • Muscle disorders
  • General discomfort

HOW ABACAVIR WORKS

Abalam Tablet is an antiviral medication. It prevents the multiplication of virus in human cells. This stops the virus from producing new viruses and clears up your infection.

HOW LAMIVUDINE WORKS

Abalam Tablet is an antiviral medication. It prevents the multiplication of virus in human cells. This stops the virus from producing new viruses and clears up your infection.

SAFETY ADVICE

warnings

Alcohol

Caution is advised when consuming alcohol with Abalam Tablet. Please consult your doctor.
warnings

Pregnancy

Abalam Tablet may be unsafe to use during pregnancy. Although there are limited studies in humans, animal studies have shown harmful effects on the developing baby. Your doctor will weigh the benefits and any potential risks before prescribing it to you. Please consult your doctor.
warnings

Breastfeeding

Abalam Tablet is probably safe to use during breastfeeding. Limited human data suggests that the drug does not represent any significant risk to the baby.
warnings

Driving

Abalam Tablet may decrease alertness, affect your vision or make you feel sleepy and dizzy. Do not drive if these symptoms occur.
warnings

Kidney

Abalam Tablet should be used with caution in patients with kidney disease. Dose adjustment of Abalam Tablet may be needed. Please consult your doctor.
warnings

Liver

Abalam Tablet should be used with caution in patients with liver disease. Dose adjustment of Abalam Tablet may be needed. Please consult your doctor.
Use of Abalam Tablet is not recommended in patients with moderate and severe liver disease.

WHAT IF YOU FORGET TO TAKE ABALAM TABLET?

If you miss a dose of Abalam Tablet, take it as soon as possible. However, if it is almost time for your next dose, skip the missed dose and go back to your regular schedule. Do not double the dose.

Quick tips

Abacavir

  • In combination with other medicines, it is used for the treatment of HIV infections.
  • Take it with food, as this increases the absorption of the medicine into the body.
  • Abacavir may cause dizziness or sleepiness. Do not drive or do anything requiring concentration until you know how it affects you.
  • You may still develop infections or other illnesses associated with viral infection while taking this medication.
  • You can also pass on HIV or HBV to others. Don’t share needles or personal items that can have blood or body fluids on them.
  • During treatment and for at least six months after stopping this medicine, regular blood tests are needed to monitor your liver function, level of hepatitis B virus and blood cells in your blood.

Lamivudine

  • You have been prescribed Lamivudine for the treatment of chronic hepatitis B virus (HBV) infection.
  • In combination with other medicines, it is used for the treatment of HIV infections.
  • Take it with food, as this increases the absorption of the medicine into the body.
  • Lamivudine may cause dizziness or sleepiness. Do not drive or do anything requiring concentration until you know how it affects you.
  • You may still develop infections or other illnesses associated with viral infection while taking this medication.
  • You can also pass on HIV or HBV to others. Don’t share needles or personal items that can have blood or body fluids on them.
  • During treatment and for at least six months after stopping this medicine, regular blood tests are needed to monitor your liver function, level of hepatitis B virus and blood cells in your blood.

FAQs

Abacavir

Q. Is Abacavir safe?

Abacavir is safe if used in the dose and duration advised by your doctor. Take it exactly as directed and do not skip any dose. Follow your doctor’s instructions carefully and let your doctor know if any of the side effects bother you.

Q. How does Abacavir work?

Abacavir works by blocking the function of an enzyme, called reverse transcriptase, which is responsible for the HIV replication process. This helps to reduce the level of HIV in the blood.

Q. What is Abacavir? What is it used for?

Abacavir belongs to a group of medicines called antiretrovirals. It is used to treat human immunodeficiency virus (HIV), which if not controlled can cause AIDS (acquired immunodeficiency syndrome). Effective control of HIV can also improve the working of the immune system.

Q. Is Abacavir effective?

Abacavir is effective if used in the dose and duration advised by your doctor. Do not stop taking it even if you see improvement in your condition. If you stop using Abacavir too early, the symptoms may return or worsen.

Q. What is Abacavir hypersensitivity reaction?

The use of Abacavir may cause a serious or life-threatening allergic or hypersensitivity reaction. In this, one may experience fever, skin rash, nausea, vomit, diarrhea, abdominal pain, loss of appetite, severe tiredness and headache. Other symptoms of hypersensitivity may include joint or muscle pain, swelling of the neck, shortness of breath, sore throat, cough and occasionally inflammation of the eye (conjunctivitis), mouth ulcers, low blood pressure, tingling or numbness of the hands or feet. Consult your doctor immediately if you experience any of these symptoms and stop taking Abacavir immediately.

Q. What if I forget to take a dose of Abacavir?

If you forget a dose of Abacavir, take it as soon as you remember. However, if it is almost time for your next dose, skip the missed dose and take the next scheduled dose in the prescribed time. Do not double the dose to make up for the missed one as this may increase the chances of developing side effects.
Lamivudine

Q. How should I take Lamivudine?

Lamivudine should be taken in the dose and duration advised by the doctor. This medicine can be taken with or without food. However, it is better to take it at a fixed time of the day to avoid the chances of missing a dose.

Q. Is Lamivudine effective?

Lamivudine is effective if used in the dose and duration advised by your doctor. Do not stop taking it even if you see improvement in your condition. If you stop using Lamivudine too early, the symptoms may return or worsen.

Q. What is drug resistance? Can I develop drug resistance with Lamivudine?

Drug resistance is a state where the medicine which was once effective in treating an infection becomes ineffective. This mainly happens due to the ability acquired by the virus or bacteria to get modified inside the body which affects the overall working of the medicine. Hence, the medicine is no longer able to fight against the virus or bacteria. Generally, drug resistance with Lamivudine is more likely to happen if you take less dose than what is recommended.

Q. How long should I take Lamivudine?

Do not stop taking entecavir without consulting your doctor. Stopping entecavir before treatment may worsen your hepatitis. This can happen during the first several months after you stop taking entecavir. Take the medicine strictly as advised and do not miss any dose.

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