Januvia 100 mg : View Uses, Side Effects, Basic Benefit

januvia 100


Januvia 100 mg

Januvia 100mg Tablet is a medicine used to treat type 2 diabetes mellitus.
It is used together with a healthy diet and regular exercise to control blood sugar levels.
This helps to prevent serious complications of diabetes like kidney damage and blindness.
Januvia 100mg Tablet is normally prescribed when diet and exercise alone or other medicines do not prove sufficient to control your blood sugar level.
Your doctor may prescribe it alone or along with other diabetes medicines.
It may be taken on an empty stomach or with a meal.
The dose will depend on your condition, and blood sugar levels.
Therefore, you should use it as advised by your doctor. Read More : Januvia


You should take it regularly at the same time each day to get the most benefit, and you should not stop unless your doctor recommends it.
This medicine is helping you to control your blood sugar levels and prevent serious complications in the future.
It is important to stay on the diet and exercise program recommended by your doctor while taking this medicine.
Your lifestyle plays a big part in controlling diabetes.

januvia 100

Most common side effect

The most common side effect of taking this medicine is a headache.
This is usually minor and improves with time.
Low blood sugar level (hypoglycemia) is a possible side effect if you are also taking other diabetes medicines like insulin or sulfonylurea, so you need to know how to recognize and deal with it.
It may also cause upper respiratory tract infections like sore throat, cough, and cold. Contact your doctor if the side effects worry you or if they do not go away.
Before taking this medicine, let your doctor know if you have ever had kidney disease, heart or pancreas problems, or if you drink a lot of alcohol.

before taking it,

Pregnant or breastfeeding women should also consult their doctor before taking it.
Some other medicines you are taking may interfere with this medicine’s working.
So, make sure your doctor knows about all the other medicines you are using.
Limit your alcohol intake while taking this medicine because it can increase your risk of developing low blood sugar levels.
You may need regular tests such as kidney function and blood glucose levels to check that the medicine is working properly.


Treatment of Type 2 diabetes mellitus

Sitagliptin is used with a proper diet and exercise program and possibly with other medications to control high blood sugar.
It is used in people with type 2 diabetes.
Controlling high blood sugar helps prevent kidney damage, blindness, nerve problems, loss of limbs, and sexual function problems.
Proper control of diabetes may also lessen your risk of a heart attack or stroke.
Sitagliptin is a diabetes drug that works by increasing levels of natural substances called incretins. Incretins help to control blood sugar by increasing insulin release, especially after a meal.
They also decrease the amount of sugar your liver makes.

How to use Januvia

Read the Medication Guide provided by your pharmacist before you start using sitagliptin and each time you get a refill. If you have any questions, ask your doctor or pharmacist.
Take this medication by mouth with or without food, as directed by your doctor, usually once daily.


The dosage is based on your medical condition, kidney function, and response to treatment.
Take this medication regularly to get the most benefit from it.
To help you remember, take it at the same time each day.
Carefully follow the medication treatment plan, meal plan, and exercise program your doctor has recommended.


Check your blood sugar regularly as directed by your doctor.
Keep track of the results, and share them with your doctor.
Tell your doctor if your blood sugar measurements are too high or too low.
Your dosage/treatment may need to be changed.


Most side effects do not require any medical attention and disappear as your body adjusts to the medicine.
Consult your doctor if they persist or if you’re worried about them
Common side effects of Januvia

  • Nasopharyngitis (inflammation of the throat and nasal passages)
  • Headache
  • Hypoglycemia (low blood glucose level)
  • Conjunctivitis
  • Cough
  • Vomiting
  • Diarrhea

Remember that this medication has been prescribed because your doctor has judged that the benefit to you is greater than the risk of side effects.
Many people using this medication do not have serious side effects.

Although sitagliptin by itself usually does not cause low blood sugar (hypoglycemia), low blood sugar may occur if this drug is prescribed with other diabetes medications.
Talk with your doctor or pharmacist about whether the dose of your other diabetes medication(s) needs to be lowered.


Symptoms of low blood sugar include sudden sweating, shaking, fast heartbeat, hunger, blurred vision, dizziness, or tingling hands/feet.
It is a good habit to carry glucose tablets or gel to treat low blood sugar.
If you don’t have these reliable forms of glucose, rapidly raise your blood sugar by eating a quick source of sugar such as table sugar, honey, or candy, or drinking fruit juice or non-diet soda.
Tell your doctor about the reaction right away.
Low blood sugar is more likely if you drink large amounts of alcohol, do unusually heavy exercise, or do not consume enough calories from food.

Symptoms of high blood sugar

To help prevent low blood sugar, eat meals on a regular schedule, and do not skip meals.
Check with your doctor or pharmacist to find out what you should do if you miss a meal.
Symptoms of high blood sugar (hyperglycemia) include thirst, increased urination, confusion, drowsiness, flushing, rapid breathing, and fruity breath odor.
If these symptoms occur, tell your doctor right away.
Your doctor may need to adjust your diabetes medication(s).

Tell your doctor right away if any serious side effects, including:

signs of kidney problems (such as a change in the amount of urine), joint pain, unusual skin blisters, signs of heart failure (such as shortness of breath, swelling ankles/feet, unusual tiredness, unusual/sudden weight gain).

Get medical help right away if you have any very serious side effects, including signs of pancreatitis (such as nausea/vomiting that doesn’t stop, loss of appetite, severe stomach/abdominal/back pain).

A very serious allergic reaction to this drug is rare.

However, get medical help right away if you notice any of the following symptoms of a serious allergic reaction: rash, itching/swelling (especially of the face/tongue/throat), severe dizziness, and trouble breathing.

This is not a complete list of possible side effects. If you notice other effects not listed above, contact your doctor or pharmacist.


In Treatment of Type 2 diabetes mellitus
Januvia 100mg Tablet belongs to a group of medicines called DPP-4 inhibitors (or gliptins).
It works by helping to increase the amount of insulin your body produces after a meal and to stop your body from releasing too much glucose (sugar) into your blood.
The effect is to lower blood glucose levels. This medicine is usually taken once a day, has relatively few common side effects, and does not usually make you put on weight.


Lowering blood glucose levels is an essential part of managing diabetes.
If you can control the level you will reduce the risk of getting any of the serious complications of diabetes such as kidney damage, eye damage, nerve problems, and loss of limbs.
Proper control of diabetes can also reduce the risk of heart disease and stroke.
Taking this medicine regularly along with a proper program of diet and exercise will help you live a normal, healthy life. You should keep using it for as long as it is prescribed because it is protecting your future health.


Take this medicine in the dose and duration as advised by your doctor.
Swallow it as a whole. Do not chew, crush or break it.
Januvia 100mg Tablet may be taken with or without food, but it is better to take it at a fixed time.


Januvia 100mg Tablet is an antidiabetic medication. It works by increasing the release of insulin from the pancreas and decreasing the hormones that raise blood sugar levels. This reduces the fasting and postmeal sugar levels.


warnings Alcohol

It is unsafe to consume alcohol with Januvia 100mg Tablet.

warnings Pregnancy

Januvia 100mg Tablet may be unsafe to use during pregnancy. Although there are limited studies in humans, animal studies have shown harmful effects on the developing baby. Your doctor will weigh the benefits and any potential risks before prescribing it to you. Please consult your doctor.

warnings Breast feeding

Januvia 100mg Tablet is probably unsafe to use during breastfeeding. Limited human data suggests that the drug may pass into the breastmilk and harm the baby.

warnings Driving
Your ability to drive may be affected if your blood sugar is too low or too high. Do not drive if these symptoms occur.
warnings Kidney
Januvia 100mg Tablet should be used with caution in patients with kidney disease. Dose adjustment of Januvia 100mg Tablet may be needed. Please consult your doctor.
warnings Liver

Januvia 100mg Tablet is probably safe to use in patients with liver disease.
Limited data available suggests that dose adjustment of Januvia 100mg Tablet may not be needed in these patients. Please consult your doctor.

However, Januvia 100mg Tablet has not been studied in patients with severe hepatic impairment and is not recommended for use in such patients.


If you miss a dose of Januvia 100mg Tablet, take it as soon as possible. However, if it is almost time for your next dose, skip the missed dose and go back to your regular schedule. Do not double the dose.

Quick tips

  • Januvia 100mg Tablet should be taken at the same time every day since this helps you remember to take it.
  • It may cause hypoglycemia (low blood sugar level) when used with other antidiabetic medicines, alcohol or if you delay or miss a meal.
  • Always carry some sugary food or fruit juice with you in case you experience hypoglycemia symptoms such as cold sweats, cool pale skin, tremor and anxiety.
  • Be careful while driving or operating machinery until you know how Januvia 100mg Tablet affects you.
  • Inform your doctor if you notice joint pains or develop symptoms such as stomach pain, nausea and/or vomiting.


Q. Does Januvia 100mg Tablet cause weight gain?

No, Januvia 100mg Tablet is not known to cause weight gain by itself.
However, keeping a healthy weight is an important part of managing diabetes.
Consult your doctor if you experience weight gain while taking Januvia 100mg Tablet.

Q. Is Januvia 100mg Tablet bad for your kidneys?

No, Januvia 100mg Tablet is not bad for your kidneys if your kidney function is normal.
However, it is important to inform your doctor if you have, or ever had, any kidney problems.
If you have kidney problems, you may need dose modification.

Q. Do I still have to manage my diet and exercise while on Januvia 100mg Tablet?

Yes, it is important to manage your diet and exercise while taking Januvia 100mg Tablet.
In addition to medicine, making healthy food choices and being physically active are also important to effectively manage blood sugar levels.
You may consult a dietitian and follow a diet chart that suits you best.
A well-balanced diet is one part of a healthy lifestyle for people with type 2 diabetes.
Additionally, thirty minutes of exercise such as a brisk walk is recommended.

Q. Can my blood sugar levels go too low on Januvia 100mg Tablet?

Yes, it is possible that your blood sugar levels may become very low (hypoglycemia).
The chances are higher if you are on any other antidiabetic medicine or insulin along with Januvia 100mg Tablet. Additionally, blood sugar levels can take a huge dip if you skip meals, exercise more than usual, or if you have taken an overdose of Januvia 100mg Tablet.
If you experience a sudden fall in your sugar levels, inform your doctor.
The doctor may suggest dose modification to prevent your blood sugar levels from decreasing significantly (hypoglycemia).
Follow your doctor’s advice and monitor your blood sugar levels regularly.

Q. What will happen if I accidentally take more than the prescribed dose of Januvia 100mg Tablet?

If you have accidentally taken more than the prescribed dose of Januvia 100mg Tablet, your blood sugar levels may become too low (hypoglycemia). This hypoglycemia may be mild or severe.
Monitor your blood sugar levels more frequently for the next 24 hours.
Mild episodes of hypoglycemia (with symptoms like anxiety, sweating, weakness, tremors, fast heartbeat) can usually be corrected with the help of sugary foods such as sugar or glucose candy, fruit juice and glucose/glucan-D.


However, it is important to consult your doctor to decide the further course of treatment. More severe episodes of hypoglycemia may even lead to a seizure (fit) or unconsciousness.
This can be life-threatening and immediate medical help may be required.

Q. What if I miss a dose of Januvia 100mg Tablet?

If you miss a dose, take it as soon as you remember.
If in case you do not remember until it is time for your next dose, skip the missed dose and go back to your regular schedule.
Do not take two doses of Januvia 100mg Tablet at the same time.

Q. Is Januvia 100mg Tablet safe to be taken for a long term?

Yes, it is safe to take Januvia 100mg Tablet for a long time.
Its long-term use, which can continue for months, years or even lifelong, has not shown any harmful effects.
Keep taking Januvia 100mg Tablet as long as your doctor recommends it.
Remember, Januvia 100mg Tablet only helps to keep your blood sugar levels under control but does not cure your diabetes.

Q. How long do I need to take Januvia 100mg Tablet?

Januvia 100mg Tablet only helps to manage your blood sugar levels but does not cure your diabetes. Keep taking Januvia 100mg Tablet as long as your doctor recommends it.
You may have to take it lifelong.
It is important to keep your blood sugar levels under control as any fluctuations in your blood sugar levels may cause serious problems.
Therefore, do not stop taking it without talking to your doctor.

Q. What is the most important information I should know about Januvia 100mg Tablet?

Januvia 100mg Tablet is safe to use if taken in the dose and duration prescribed by the doctor.
However, in rare cases, some serious side effects can also be observed.
In some people, Januvia 100mg Tablet may cause inflammation of the pancreas (pancreatitis) which could be severe and can even lead to death.
If you experience severe and persistent pain in your stomach area (abdomen), stop the medication and immediately contact your doctor.


Januvia 100mg Tablet can also cause heart failure.
This means the heart is not able to pump blood well enough, therefore, inform your doctor if you have or ever had heart problems before you start taking Januvia 100mg Tablet.
In addition to that, problems related to kidneys should also be discussed with the doctor.

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