How can you tell if you have diabetes 2?
Most early symptoms are from higher-than-normal levels of glucose, a kind of sugar, in your blood.
The warning signs can be so mild that you don’t notice them. That’s especially true of diabetes 2 type. Some people don’t find out they have it until they get problems from long-term damage caused by the disease.
With type 1 diabetes, the symptoms usually happen quickly, in a matter of days or a few weeks. They’re much more severe, too.
Early Top 10 signs and Warning
The early signs and symptoms of type 2 diabetes can include:
1. Frequent urination
When blood sugar levels are high, the kidneys try to remove the excess sugar by filtering it out of the blood. This can lead to a person needing to urinate more frequently, particularly at night.
2. Increased thirst
The frequent urination that is necessary to remove excess sugar from the blood can result in the body losing additional water. Over time, this can cause dehydration and lead to a person feeling more thirsty than usual.
3. Always feeling hungry
Constant hunger or thirst can be early signs of diabetes 2.
People with diabetes 2 often do not get enough energy from the food they eat.
The digestive system breaks food down into a simple sugar called glucose, which the body uses as fuel.
In people with diabetes, not enough of this glucose moves from the bloodstream into the body’s cells.
As a result, people with diabetes 2 often feel constantly hungry, regardless of how recently they have eaten.
4. Feeling very tired
Type 2 diabetes can impact a person’s energy levels and cause them to feel fatigued. This tiredness occurs as a result of insufficient sugar moving from the bloodstream into the body’s cells.
5. Blurry vision
An excess of sugar in the blood can damage the tiny blood vessels in the eyes, which can cause blurry vision. This blurry vision can occur in one or both of the eyes and may come and go.
If a person with diabetes 2 goes without treatment, the damage to these blood vessels can become more severe, and permanent vision loss may eventually occur.
6. Slow healing of cuts and wounds
High levels of sugar in the blood can damage the body’s nerves and blood vessels, which can impair blood circulation. As a result, even small cuts and wounds may take weeks or months to heal. Slow wound healing also increases the risk of infection.
7. Tingling, numbness, or pain in the hands or feet
High blood sugar levels can affect blood circulation and damage the body’s nerves. In people with type 2 diabetes, this can lead to pain or a sensation of tingling or numbness in the hands and feet.
This condition is known as neuropathy, and it can worsen over time and lead to more serious complications if a person does not get treatment for their diabetes.
8. Patches of dark skin
Patches of dark skin forming on the creases of the neck, armpit, or groin can also signify a higher risk of diabetes. These patches may feel very soft and velvety.
This skin condition is known as acanthosis nigricans.
9. Itching and yeast infections
Excess sugar in the blood and urine provides food for yeast, which can lead to infection. Yeast infections tend to occur on warm, moist areas of the skin, such as the mouth, genital areas, and armpits.
The affected areas are usually itchy, but a person may also experience burning, redness, and soreness.
10. Yeast infections
The excess sugar in your blood and urine creates an ideal environment for yeast. Yeast can feed off the extra sugar in genital areas, as well as the mouth or armpits. Maintaining blood sugar can help reduce the likelihood of getting yeast infections.
Early Signs of Diabetes 2
Both types of diabetes 2 have some of the same telltale warning signs.
1. Hunger and fatigue. Your body converts
The food you eat into glucose that your cells use for energy. But your cells need insulin to take in glucose.
If your body doesn’t make enough or any insulin or your cells resist the insulin your body makes, the glucose can’t get into them and you have no energy.
2. Peeing more often and being thirstier.
The average person usually has to pee between four and seven times in 24 hours, but people with diabetes 2 may go a lot more.
Why? Normally, your body reabsorbs glucose as it passes through your kidneys. But when diabetes 2 pushes your blood sugar up, your kidneys may not bring it all back in.
This causes the body to make more urine, and that takes fluids.
The result: You’ll have to go more often.
You might pee out more, too. Because you’re peeing so much, you can get very thirsty. When you drink more, you’ll also pee more.
3. Dry mouth and itchy skin.
Because your body uses fluids to make pee, there’s less moisture for other things. You could get dehydrated, and your mouth may feel dry. Dry skin can make you itchy.
4. Blurred vision.
Changing fluid levels in your body could make the lenses in your eyes swell up. They change shape and can’t focus.
Symptoms of Diabetes 2
These tend to show up after your glucose has been high for a long time.
Both men and women with diabetes 2 can get these.
Yeast feeds on glucose, so having plenty around makes it thrive.
Infections can grow in any warm, moist fold of skin, including:
- Between fingers and toes
- Under breasts
- In or around sex organs
Slow-healing sores or cuts.
Over time, high blood sugar can affect your blood flow and cause nerve damage that makes it hard for your body to heal wounds.
Pain or numbness in your feet or legs.
This is another result of nerve damage.
Symptoms of Type 1 Diabetes
You might notice:
Unplanned weight loss.
If your body can’t get energy from your food, it will start burning muscle and fat for energy instead.
You may lose weight even though you haven’t changed how you eat.
See which foods are high in trans fatty acids.
Nausea and vomiting.
When your body resorts to burning fat, it makes ketones.
These can build up in your blood to dangerous levels, a possibly life-threatening condition called diabetic ketoacidosis.
Ketones can make you feel sick to your stomach.
Symptoms of Gestational Diabetes 2
High blood sugar during pregnancy usually has no symptoms. You might feel a little thirstier than normal or have to pee more often.
Warning Signs of Diabetes 2 Complications
Signs of diabetes 2 complications may include:
- Slow-healing sores or cuts
- Itchy skin (usually around the vaginal or groin area)
- Frequent yeast infections
- Recent weight gain
- Velvety, dark skin changes of the neck, armpit, and groin, called acanthosis nigricans
- Numbness and tingling of the hands and feet
- Decreased vision
- Impotence or erectile dysfunction (ED)
Hypoglycemia, or low blood sugar, happens when the level of sugar or glucose in your blood drops too low to fuel the body. You might feel:
- Nervous or anxious
- Sweaty, chilly, or clammy
- Cranky or impatient
- Lightheaded or dizzy
- Tingly or numb in your lips, tongue, or cheeks
You might notice:
- Fast heartbeat
- Pale skin
- Blurred vision
- Nightmares or crying when you sleep
- Coordination problems
Hyperglycemia, or high blood sugar, causes many of the warning signs of diabetes 2 listed above, including:
- Heavy thirst
- Blurry vision
- Peeing a lot
- More hunger
- Numb or tingling feet
- Sugar in your urine
- Weight loss
- Vaginal and skin infections
- Slow-healing cuts and sores
- Blood glucose over 180 milligrams per deciliter (mg/dl)
Its official name is a hyperosmolar hyperglycemic nonketotic syndrome (HHNS). This serious complication can lead to diabetic coma and even death with either type of diabetes, though it’s more common in type 2. It happens when your blood sugar gets too high and your body gets severely dehydrated. Symptoms include:
- Blood sugar over 600 mg/dl
- Dry, parched mouth
- Extreme thirst
- Warm, dry skin that doesn’t sweat
- High fever (over 101 F)
- Sleepiness or confusion
- Vision loss
- Weakness on one side of your body
When to Call Your Doctor
If you’re older than 45 or have other risks for diabetes, it’s important to get tested. When you spot the condition early, you can avoid nerve damage, heart trouble, and other complications.
As a general rule, call your doctor if you:
- Feel sick to your stomach, weak, and very thirsty
- Are peeing a lot
- Have a bad bellyache
- Are breathing more deeply and faster than normal
- Have sweet breath that smells like nail polish remover (This is a sign of very high ketones.)
What are the early signs of diabetes 2?
diabetes 2 causes a person’s blood sugar levels to become too high.
Recognizing the early signs and symptoms of this chronic condition can result in a person getting treatment sooner, which reduces the risk of severe complications.
diabetes 2 is a common condition.
A 2017 report from the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) found that 30.3 million adults in the United States have diabetes.
The report also estimated that another 84.1 million U.S. adults have prediabetes.
People with prediabetes have higher-than-normal blood sugar levels, but doctors do not consider them to have diabetes 2 yet.
According to the CDC, people with prediabetes often develop diabetes 2 within 5 years if they do not get treatment.
The onset of type 2 diabetes can be gradual, and symptoms can be mild during the early stages.
As a result, many people may not realize that they have this condition.
In this article, we look at the early signs and symptoms of type 2 diabetes and the importance of early diagnosis.
We also discuss the risk factors for developing this condition.
Importance of early diagnosis
Untreated diabetes 2 can also lead to hyperosmolar hyperglycemic nonketotic syndrome (HHNS), which causes a severe and persistent increase in blood sugar levels.
An illness or infection will usually trigger HHNS, which can require hospitalization.
This sudden complication tends to affect older people.
Keeping blood sugar levels under control is crucial for preventing some of these complications.
The longer that blood sugar levels remain uncontrolled, the higher the risk of other health problems.
Risk factors for diabetes 2
Anyone can develop type 2 diabetes, but certain factors can increase a person’s risk. These risk factors include:
- being 45 years of age or older
- living a sedentary lifestyle
- being overweight or obese
- eating an unhealthful diet
- having a family history of diabetes
- having polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS)
- having a medical history of gestational diabetes, heart disease, or stroke
- having prediabetes
- being of African American, Alaska Native, Hispanic or Latino, American Indian, Asian American,
- Native Hawaiian, or Pacific Islander descent
diabetes 2 is a common condition that causes high blood sugar levels.
Early signs and symptoms can include frequent urination, increased thirst, feeling tired and hungry, vision problems, slow wound healing, and yeast infections.
Anyone who experiences possible signs and symptoms of diabetes 2 should see a doctor for an evaluation, especially if they have other risk factors for developing this condition.
The early detection and treatment of diabetes 2 can improve a person’s quality of life and reduce the risk of severe complications.
Having a support system that understands what it is like to have a diagnosis and live with type 2 diabetes 2 is vital.
T2D Healthline is a free app that provides support through one-on-one conversations and lives group discussions with people who get it.
How is diabetes treated?
Diabetes can be treated in several ways.
Diet, physical activity, and careful monitoring are important if you have diabetes, no matter which type of diabetes you have.
If you have type 1 diabetes, you will need to take insulin for the rest of your life.
That’s because your pancreas doesn’t produce the insulin your body needs.
If you have type 2 diabetes, it may be possible to control your diabetes with lifestyle changes, such as diet, weight loss, and exercise.
You may also need to take oral or injectable medications, including insulin or metformin, to manage your blood sugar levels.
If you have either type 1 or type 2 diabetes, you’ll need to carefully track your diet to prevent your blood sugar levels from getting too high. This generally means watching your carbohydrate intake as well as limiting over-processed, low fiber foods, such as:
- sugary sodas
- sweetened breakfast cereals
- white bread
- white pasta
- white rice
- fruit juices
- processed packaged snacks
- fruit-flavored yogurt
- flavored coffee drinks
The bottom line
Type 1 diabetes is usually diagnosed in childhood.
Early symptoms often include unintentional weight loss, bedwetting, and flu-like symptoms.
Type 2 diabetes is more likely to be diagnosed in adulthood.
Early symptoms can include extreme thirst, frequent urination, and slow wound healing.
Often, symptoms of untreated diabetes get worse and are either mild or unnoticeable in the early stages. A diabetes diagnosis can be confirmed with one or more blood tests.
Talk with your doctor if you believe you have diabetes.
Getting on top of your condition and managing it effectively is key to controlling your symptoms and preventing more serious health problems.
1. Is it possible to cure type 2 diabetes permanently?
Although there’s no cure for type 2 diabetes, studies show it’s possible for some people to reverse it. Through diet changes and weight loss, you may be able to reach and hold normal blood sugar levels without medication. This doesn’t mean you’re completely cured. Type 2 diabetes is an ongoing disease.
2. How long does type 2 diabetes take to reverse?
How long does it take to reverse diabetes? There’s no set timeframe for when people with Type 2 diabetes may start to see their hard work pay off. In general, diabetes experts say with medication and lifestyle changes, diabetes patients could notice a difference in three to six months.
3. How do you know if you’ve reversed type 2 diabetes?
People with type 2 diabetes that are able to get their HbA1c below 42 mmol/mol (6%) without taking diabetes medication are said to have reversed or resolved their diabetes.
4. Can the pancreas heal itself from diabetes?
The pancreas can be triggered to regenerate itself through a type of fasting diet, say US researchers. Restoring the function of the organ – which helps control blood sugar levels – reversed symptoms of diabetes in animal experiments.
5. How much weight do I need to lose to reverse type 2 diabetes?
In one from 2011, people who were recently diagnosed with Type 2 diabetes returned their blood sugar levels to normal when they lost weight on a calorie-restrictive diet. In a 2016 follow-up study, people who had been diabetic for up to 10 years were able to reverse their condition when they lost about 33 pounds.